Are Guinea fowl cold hardy?

I get asked all the time how my guineas and chickens handle the cold and snow we get every winter. Guineas are quite a bit different then chickens. For one thing, they are nowhere near as smart. I know it's hard to believe, after all I'm sure we've all seen chickens do some dumb things. Trust me when I tell you, Guineas are not the sharpest tool in the shed! 

Guineas in winter

They can be trained to a point though. They'll come running when I call them, and they get the general idea behind herding. One sticking point with Guineas though is sleeping in the trees. This isn't a problem in normal weather. Sometimes in the summer every single free ranging Guinea sleeps in the trees! They get an early start to tick eating every morning so I don't mind. 

Even in cooler weather it's not really a problem. For warm climate birds they can tolerate some pretty cold temps. They do all tend to sleep inside the coop when it's snowing. The rain doesn't bother them. They will spend the whole day and night in the rain and be no worse for wear. The real problem comes with changing weather patterns.

Here in Western Pa, our weather can be quite irregular. Yesterday it was in the 50s, today its 22! Oh and it rained a bit last night before it got cold enough to snow. See the picture up above? That is what greeted me this morning.

Those are ice coated feathers on the guineas backs. I wasn't home to chase them in at dusk, I was working. It was too warm for them to want to go in themselves, so 6 of them slept in the trees. The weather went from rainy to icy during the night. 

Luckily everyone made it through the night and had a warm breakfast and are now huddled in their draft-free coop warming up. Had I been home though, I would have certainly tried my hardest to get them in. 

Obviously they're not in any sort of distress about it.

Even though I learned as much as I could before I got them I still was not prepared for how cold tolerant they really are! They actually do better in cold temperatures then most chickens do. I still worry about them in freezing weather though so I do my best to take care of them and keep them inside on the coldest of nights.

Guinea fowl care in winter

Here's what I do:
First, I train them to come when call: I call "Guinea Guinea Guinea" whenever I throw scratch or treats. It doesn't matter what words or noise you use as long as you use the same thing every time. I start this when they're little, from the first time I give treats.

I train the guinea fowl to sleep in the coop: once they get big enough to free range they discover trees. What fun it is to fly way way up into the branches! To keep them sleeping in the coop and not the trees, right before dusk I call them and scatter treats right in the doorway of the coop. I even toss a handful inside. Turn the light on if you have one. 

Most of the time they just hop up onto the perches after their snack. I hang out around the coop and try to shoo them back in if I can. They usually get the idea. A few weeks of this should be enough. The won't always want to go in to sleep, but they get that idea that they can and should. 

Keep an eye on the weather channel: If the weather is going to change drastically overnight, or if freezing rain is called for I chase the guineas into the coop at night. They're not very good at predicting weather, so I try to handle that for them.

Check on the guineas in the morning: I count every guinea, every night. I always know how many guinea fowl are out and how many guineas are in, and which trees they are roosting in. After a bad night I make sure everyone who spent the night outside gets a warm breakfast (warmed mash, the flavor of oatmeal no-one will eat, dinner leftovers, boiled rice and eggs etc) and get shooed into the coop to warm up.

Don't stress the guineas: I pick up my chickens and dry them off, but Guinea hens aren't touchy-feely birds. They would rather I plug a heat lamp in for them and walk away then try to blow dry them in the house, which the chickens love! (always secure a heat lamp in 2 ways. I use the clamp and an additional hook)

Guineas and frostbite

Don't worry about their wattles: Chickens with large wattles tend to have a problem in winter because they dip into the water when the chicken leans his head down to get a drink. The water on the wattles then freezes causing frostbite. Guineas wattles are nowhere near as long or flexible. They stay in place so they don't fall forward and dip into the water. 

Also, that's not a comb on top of the guineas head. Combs are made of cartilage and the guinea fowl horn is actually bone, so there is nothing to become frostbit. 

Do worry about their feet: Guinea fowl feet are the most likely part to get frostbite. To prevent frostbite in guineas you'll do the same things as you do to prevent frostbite for chickens.  Wide roosts and a draft free low moisture coop are the most effective ways to prevent frostbite in all poultry. 

When I first got Guineas it took me awhile to wrap my mind around them doing so well with the cold and snow. After all, they are originally from Africa so my brain just couldn't comprehend that idea at first. After raising them for 7 years I am completely confident that they can handle the cold and do so better than chickens. 

Want to know more about guinea fowl? Check out my collection of guinea articles at: Guinea Fowl 101, and feel free to email me if there are any questions I've left unanswered!


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  1. Oh my! We got 6 guineas last year and they really are DUMB!! Mine do come running to me any time I'm outside (if they are around). They usually go to the coop ok most nights, but last night 5 of them sat under the coop freaking out for about an hour. So after 6pm I go out and start trying to chase them into the coop. Those ding dongs kept running around the coop and not even go to the ramp to get in the coop. It was so frustrating! I was trying to catch one of them and grabbed some feathers so I could put it in the coop and that guinea left me with a hand full of feathers! I freaked out! LOL Crazy bird!

    They also have a strange dynamic among themselves. There was one seeming leader, but she seems to not be the leader anymore. They basically seem leaderless, but our misfit one seems to be trying to make a comeback into the flock. They are so weird! I love when they fight with each other and they are always chasing each other off. They are fun to watch, but they are so loud, too. :)

  2. Guineas are so stupid sometimes! I feel your I swear they have a 'release button' on their tails. If you try to grab them and only get tail, somehow it just comes off in your hand! It's crazy!

    The noise doesn't bother me too much, unless they all get going at once. All 51! I have pink ear plugs lol


  3. Wow, 51! That's a lot of guineas! Our neighbor has 4 and their guineas and ours like to visit each other from time to time. It gets noisy, so I can't imagine 51! Wow!

  4. You're right, guineas are such stupid birds! And loud! But I love to watch them running around in their little pack:) Here in Florida we don't have to worry about snow and the cold!

  5. Always wanted to try guineas but never easily found any locally and mail order they got so expensive. No snow here in East Bay CA so they could easily live outside. I have no chickens now since we’ve been doing some traveling but guineas seem more independent and could go in and out of the coop and roost in the redwoods behind my house.

    1. Whenever I need to add new genetics to my flock I sign up for the Ideal Poultry mailing list. In fall they will run specials on guinea keets and I just got some for under $3 each! They're originally from Africa so I think they would LOVE your weather! You should get some! You could also order eggs online from ebay or etsy...should be like $30 a dozen. Good luck! Let me know how it goes if you decide to raise some guinea keets!