Saturday, October 27, 2012

Spraddle leg, the band aid fix

Unfortunately, when hatching chicks sometimes things go wrong. Some problems in chicks are very easy to fix and such is the case with spraddle leg also called splay leg. Spraddle leg is when one or both legs slip out to the sides making a chick unable to stand or walk correctly.

This is one of the 6 most common problem in chick hatching. It can happen for a few reasons. Sometimes they just hatch like that, often with one leg sticking out to the side. Other times it occurs when the new chick cant get a good grip in the incubator and both legs splay out in opposite directions. It can even occur the first few days in the brooder if the bedding gets kicked away and their feet slip on a slick brooder floor.

Either way....it's easy to fix if you get to it right away. This is super important! The longer the chick stays splay legged the harder it is to fix.

spraddle leg | chicks

You'll need to hobble the legs together and 're-train' them to stay that way. The tools you need are simple: one band aid and a pair of scissors. 
First, cut the band aid lengthwise. I do this while it's still in the package. Pull out the split band aid and peel the tab off one end.Wrap the band-aid around one leg, fastening it to itself. Do this again for the other leg. It will look like the middle pictures above.

When both legs are banded, the chick (or in these pictures, keet) can now stand. The band-aid should have just enough give that the chick can get around for a day or two while it heals. If the band-aid is too stiff, you can rub the middle pad between your fingers a bit to soften it and make it easier for the chick to get around.

Leave this hobble on for at least 24 hours. You can take the hobble off by gently cutting the band-aid with small scissors.  The chick should be able to stand on it's own. If it still cannot stand, put another band-aid hobble on and check again the next day.

guinea keet

It is SUPER important that you do this as soon as possible! If you wait, it will take longer to fix. Then you will have to leave the hobble on for a few days. If you wait too long, the leg will twist and just won't got back no matter what you do. I've had about a 95% success rate using this method

To prevent spraddle leg, use a piece of rubber shelf liner in the incubator in the chick hatching area. This will give their little feet something to grip on to when they stand. Do not use slick surfaces like newspaper in the brooder. I usually put down shelf liner and put wood shavings on top of it to absorb the poop. This way if they kick the shavings out of the way, they still have the shelf liner to keep them from slipping. I've also used puppy pee pads in the brooder to prevent slipping. (you can pick both of those up both of those and other chick supplies at the dollar store)

~L

Update: Since I wrote this post in 2012 I have seen people using a hair elastic and a piece of drinking straw to fashion a hobble. While it is quite clever, I've also seen picture of chicks with bloody legs from the drinking straw ripping into the it's tiny legs as it tries to walk. For this reason I do not recommend using that method. 

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6 comments:

  1. I have a hen that has a spraddled leg from and injury! Do you think this will work for her?

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    Replies
    1. It might. You could try vet wrap since band aids would be too small for a hen. Tractor Supply sells it for under $3. It's flexible, but sticks well to itself. Good luck!


      ~L

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  2. Thank you for the post. I have heard about doing this, but the photos make is easy and clear. I haven't had this problem yet, but I am still new to hatching.

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  3. I have done this for five or six chicks over time and it has always worked. By the time they are a few weeks old, you cannot tell them apart from the others.

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  4. I have one with straddled leg right now:-(

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  5. Hi!

    As a first-time-in-a-veeeery-long-time chick owner, this is the first time we have ever encountered this problem.
    We got our chicks at a local dealer. They were the last ones, and one of them had what they called a "limp" that he or she is born with. We were assured that "we didn't have to take him if we didn't want to, but he would have been left all alone, with every chick he/she was used to being with, and we're suckers for the underdog. So we took it home.
    Blue (as our son called it) is now two and a half weeks old, and can barely stand anymore. To make matters worse, the other chicks are growing solidly, while Blue remains small and fragile, and the others keep stepping on him/her, making it harder and harder to stand.
    I've put Blue in quarantine now, and I'm looking for ways to help this chick recover and gain some footing so it can survive.
    Any tips on this matter, cause I'm getting pretty desperate now... :(

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